How to Perform SAP Testing

SAP is essential software for the business world. Companies cannot afford to suffer potential losses as a result of any bug or failure – which could bring the entire brand into disrepute. It’s therefore absolutely essential for businesses to ensure that SAP testing happens regularly to avoid problems.


What is SAP?

SAP is an integrated enterprise resource planning (ERP) software that helps companies improve operations by integrating various business functions. Organizations can reduce their operational costs through the use of SAP ERP packages.

SAP allows users to access different databases and run different applications from a single graphical interface. SAP is divided into different modules to cover all essential business processes.

Importance of SAP Testing

SAP testing is particularly important for organizational growth, in part because it:

  • Verifies that the functionality and performance of business-critical processes are not impacted by the accelerated pace of SAP updates and new releases.
  • Ensures that an organization’s customizations of SAP modules function and perform properly, both on a component level and within the end-to-end application.
  • Assesses the impact of S/4HANA cloud migration.
  • Avoids the high cost of break-fix troubleshooting efforts and improves predictability of outcomes.
  • Ensures that the SAP implementation meets the individual organization’s compliance requirements and that all modules operate according to the expected configuration.
  • Validates that different modules and other non-SAP applications are integrated across the system.
  • Ensures that the system meets service level agreements around response times and overall system performance, for example.

SAP is essential software for enterprises, and any system failure can cause major problems. That’s why regular SAP testing is essential to ensure that SAP software functions and performs properly.

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Different Types of Tests for the SAP Business Suite

Your test objectives will define the kind of SAP tests that you need to perform. This can be any one or combination of the following:

  • Unit testing validates isolated pieces of functionality within the SAP system. These tests should be performed by qualified developers who understand the functionality of each system component.
  • Integration testing ensures that the combination of different components work properly together.
  • Regression testing ensures that changes or upgrades don’t adversely affect existing working code and configuration.
  • Performance testing determines whether the SAP system response time is acceptable, whether processes run fast enough, whether the system can support the expected number of concurrent users, etc. This helps facilitate the deployment of systems that can maintain higher load levels without experiencing performance problems.
  • User acceptance testing ensures that a SAP system meets the requirements of the people in the business who will use it. A system is likely to be accepted by end users only if it performs the designated work functions adequately.
  • Security testing guarantees that users can access appropriate data and execute transactions only when relevant to their profession and grade.
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    Software Testing Life Cycle for SAP Applications

    The software testing life cycle (STLC) is a series of steps taken to ensure that a piece of software has met its quality goals. This life cycle aims to reduce risk, accelerate delivery and improve the quality of every SAP application release. Each phase of the SAP testing life cycle has specific objectives and required deliverables in order to move to the next phase.

    1 – Requirement phase

    Analyze user requirements and expectations through workshops and consultations with various stakeholders. This phase defines testing objectives and verifies whether the various functionalities are actually testable.

    2 – Preparation phase

    Identify what is needed to achieve the objectives of the test. It involves identifying activities and resources needed to meet testing objectives as well as defining various metrics and methods available for gathering and tracking those metrics. The test preparation phase also serves to identify the business processes that should be tested, and the key performance indicators (KPIs) that they should be tested against.

    3 – Analysis phase

    Determine what to test. This includes establishing test conditions, using requirements defined in the first phase as well as other appropriate testing criteria. Test conditions should be recorded in detail, as this enables wider testing coverage because the details will let testers create more comprehensive and specific test cases.

    4 – Design phase

    Determine how to test. Break down test conditions into several sub-conditions for comprehensive coverage. During this phase, the test environment itself must be set up, including identifying and getting test data and creating metrics related to testing coverage.

    5 – Implementation phase

    Create detailed test scenarios from the test conditions defined in phase three and metrics defined in phase four. To implement tests, testers should follow these steps:

    • Prioritize the test scenario
    • Identify the test scenario that will be used for regression testing
    • Ensure that test scenarios are practically accurate
    • Ensure that test cases are signed before the start of test execution

    6 – Test execution phase

    Execute test scenarios manually or using an automated test tool. Progress and results should be monitored closely to start the analysis process. 

    7 – Test evaluation and closing phase

    First check that all SAP test cases have been executed as planned, then analyze the results to start uncovering failures. When complete, the test process should be documented and then closed.

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